Structural editing (or developmental editing) focuses on a broad view and aims to ensure that the structure, content, language, style and presentation of a document are suitable for its intended purpose and readership. This service includes a detailed report.
A structural edit does not address issues of spelling and grammar; these changes occur in a copy edit or a proofread. Because this is big picture analysis, it should be done first before getting into the nuts and bolts of a copy edit.
Copy editing aims to achieve accuracy, clarity and consistency in a document. This level of editing takes your content and revises, rewords and corrects it to remove mistakes, errors of expression and inconsistencies, which may confuse readers. Copy editing does not just check grammar and spelling. Every element of your story is checked to ensure it is consistent, cohesive and complete.
I work together with the writer during the copy edit to ensure we are both on the same page. With this in mind, I often go over the same draft multiple times.
Proofreading is the process of correcting surface errors in writing, such as grammatical, spelling, punctuation and other language inaccuracies. It includes making sure that all elements of the document are included and in the proper order, all amendments have been inserted and the set style and design has been followed.
A proofread is the last step in editing before a document or manuscript goes to print. It deals with the final version (the ‘proof’) before it is published and, unlike a copy edit, no revisions are made to the content or style during a proofread.
These services often overlap to some degree. To discuss which service would be best suited to your project and budget, please contact me.